Trans-Pacific Partnership, signed in Oct 2015, is the largest trade deal to date.
It involves states producing 40% of world GDP and covers about ⅓ of global FDI inflows.

The agreement has been lauded as being a “new, high-standard trade agreement”. But just how “new” and “high” are the standards it sets?

Focusing on TPP Chapter 9 (Investment), we use a text-as-data method to understand where the TPP investment provisions stand in the universe of investment treaties.
(You can also read our paper behind this research)

Treaties most similar to TPP Chapter 9

The charts show Jaccard distances to TPP Chapter 9 for each article.
A distance of 0.18, for instance, means 82% of textual overlap.
FTAs include only respective investment chapters. Footnotes and annexes are omitted.
Click on treaty name to open its text below.

Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.1 Definitions
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.2 Scope
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.3 Relation to Other Chapters
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.4 National Treatment
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.5 Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.6 Minimum Standard Of Treatment
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.7 Treatment In Case Of Armed Conflict Or Civil Strife
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.8 Expropriation And Compensation
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.9 Transfers
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.10 Performance Requirements
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.11 Senior Management And Boards Of Directors
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.12 Non-Conforming Measures
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.13 Subrogation
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.14 Special Formalities And Information Requirements
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.15 Denial Of Benefits
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.16 Investment And Environmental, Health And Other Regulatory Objectives
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.17 Corporate Social Responsibility
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.18 Consultation And Negotiation
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.19 Submission Of A Claim To Arbitration
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.20 Consent Of Each Party To Arbitration
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.21 Conditions And Limitations On Consent Of Each Party
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.22 Selection Of Arbitrators
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.23 Conduct Of The Arbitration
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.24 Transparency Of Arbitral Proceedings
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.25 Governing Law
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.26 Interpretation Of Annexes
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.27 Expert Reports
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.28 Consolidation
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.29 Awards
Treaties most similar to TPP Art. 9.30 Service Of Documents

The charts show Jaccard distances to TPP Chapter 9 for each article. FTAs include only respective investment chapters. Click on treaty name to open its text below.


From abstract metric to textual comparisons

Our text distance metric uncovers insights on TPP design. Compare every article of TPP vs. or
Attribution